Many first-time business owners get started because they’ve found something they love to do and they want to make money for themselves. Selling gift baskets is a highly rewarding, fun business. But first, you have to learn how to start a business.
In this guide, we’ll walk you through the process of how to start a gift basket business step by step, so you can set your new business up for success.
Step 1: Write a business plan
The first step when you’re planning how to start a gift basket business is to write a business plan. A business plan is a roadmap for how you will start and grow your business. Not only does this plan help you organize your own thoughts and ideas and create a cohesive strategy, but it’s also helpful if you plan on seeking funding or a business partner down the road.
A business plan consists of several parts, but here are some of the most important to consider when planning your gift basket business.
Market analysis: The market analysis is a crucial part of your business plan because it helps you ensure there is a need for your business. During this step, you’ll research the current market to determine how many similar businesses are out there, what they provide, and what will set your business apart. You’ll also get a feel for your target audience, which will inform everything from your product design to marketing strategy.
Product line: For most business owners, this is the fun part. In this section of your business plan, you get to detail what types of gift baskets you’ll sell, what will be included in those gift baskets, and how you’re sourcing your goods. Don’t forget to include pricing information, the cost of each basket, how much you’ll sell it for, and your profit margin.
Marketing plan: How will you spread the word about your new business? This section is all about how you’ll find your customers and how you’ll market your business so they can find you. While you don’t need to create a full-blown marketing plan at the start, but you can continue building this section out as your business grows.
Funding needs: If you’re writing a business plan for funding or to attract investors, you’ll need to include a section about your funding needs. This section should detail how much money you need, what that money will be used for, and your plan for return on investment.
Step 2: Pick your legal entity
Before you get started selling baskets to customers, you’ll want to choose your business entity. Your business entity is the legal structure of your business and will designate how your business is taxed, structured, and more. Some common business entity types include:
Sole proprietorship: The most common type of business structure in the U.S. is a sole proprietorship, likely because it’s so simple to set up. You typically don’t even need to register it with your state. However, the downside of this setup is you have no personal liability protections.
LLC: An LLC or limited liability company places a barrier between the owner’s personal finances and the business’s, so while you will have to register this entity and pay a nominal filing fee, your personal assets won’t be on the line if your business runs into trouble. The LLC owner can also choose how the business is taxed.
Partnership: A partnership is very much like a sole proprietorship, the one difference is that a partnership is run by two or more owners. There are two types of partnership: general partnership and limited partnership.
Step 3: Choose your niche or target market
It’s important to narrow your gift basket vision to your target or niche market. Counterintuitively, focusing on too broad of a niche can actually lower sales.
While there are a number of different gift basket niches, the two main overarching categories are personal and business baskets. Once you’ve chosen which one you want to target, you can continue to refine your niche.
The options for gift baskets are limitless, so consider what the market opportunities are and what your target audience is interested in. Maybe you’ll choose assorted items from local artisans, a food theme, self-care, or bridesmaid and wedding-related baskets. Spend some time researching the possibilities—as well as suppliers and costs—before making your final decision.
Step 4: Pick your type of basket
Once you’ve identified your target customer and have refined your niche, it’s time to think about what type of gift basket you intend to offer to your customers. You might offer only one type or you may choose to do a combination of these options.
Pre-made: Pre-made gift baskets make a great base for your business. By always carrying a number of pre-made gift baskets in stock with non-perishable items, you lower the assembly cost and have baskets on hand for quick delivery. If you plan to offer pre-made baskets, be sure to have a variety of sizes and price ranges to fit any need.
Custom: For customers interested in a custom gift basket, they can shop from a list of items you already have on hand. You may also want to offer the option to personalize the baskets.
Seasonal: Some people choose to only feature seasonal baskets. While you’ll have a clearly defined niche, make sure to account for your business’s seasonality in your business plan and budget.
Step 5: Choose your sales channel
When you’re learning how to start a gift basket business, one of the main things you want to think about is how you plan to sell your product.
Many businesses now operate entirely online. One of the big benefits of operating an ecommerce business is that you can save a lot of money by not opening a retail shop. An online business allows you to work from home while allowing your customers to shop from the comfort of their homes.
However, you may also choose that a physical storefront is best for your business. Opening a brick-and-mortar business requires a significant amount of initial investment and upfront capital. You need to pay rent on the retail space and outfit to fit your needs and attract customers. That being said, the initial investment can pay off with higher sales volume and higher individual prices.
Step 6: Set your prices
Deciding how to price your products can be intimidating. After all, you want to appeal to your customers while also making a profit. Consider the following costs that go into each basket:
Cost of the basket and packaging
Cost of products in the gift basket
Time spent putting together the gift basket
Cost of shipping
You’ll also want to determine your desired profit and look at your competition. Obviously, if a similar business is offering baskets for a much cheaper price, shoppers will likely choose them unless you have another advantage—like higher-quality goods—to win them over.
Step 7: Assess startup costs
There are a number of different ways to fund a business, from personal savings or loans from friends and family to more traditional business loans or credit cards. As you start your gift basket business, keep in mind there are a number of potential costs you might run into.
If you choose not to operate your gift basket business out of your home, then you’ll need retail space for selling your products. Investment in retail space will likely be one of the biggest expenses for your gift basket business. In addition to rent for the space, you’ll need to purchase display items and decorations for the inside of the space and to entice customers.
There are a number of specialty items that can be used to make gift baskets easier. You might want a work table, crafting tools, heat gun and shrink wrap, and anything else you need to put together your products.
For businesses that have a customer-facing retail space, you’ll need a lot of accoutrement to go with it. For example, you’ll need a cash register or payment processor, gift wrap materials, and shopping bags.
Packing and shipping supplies
Whether you’ll be operating your business out of a retail space or your home, you’ll likely be selling gift baskets online. This means that you’ll need to ship your products to your customers. You’ll need packing and shipping supplies, including a dolly or hand truck, electronic scale, packing tape, paper shredder, mailing labels, boxes, cushioned mailers, packing materials, and a vehicle that can transport large packages.
Sourcing products for your gift baskets is another significant investment, especially if you have a physical store with items on display. If you run your business online, you may be able to purchase inventory as sales are made to keep your upfront costs down.
Step 8: Organize your finances
As you’re thinking about how much money you’ll need to start your business, you’ll also want to start thinking about how you’ll organize your finances.
No matter what type of business entity you’ve chosen, the simplest way to track your finances is to ensure that you’ve completely separated your business and personal finances. To do that, you’ll need a business bank account, business credit card, and an EIN.
EIN: Before you sign up for your business bank account and credit card, you’ll want to apply for your EIN or employer identification number. An EIN is like a social security number for your business. This helps the IRS and other businesses to identify your business with a unique number. An EIN also means you don’t have to list your personal social security number on business documents.
Business bank account: If you want to separate your business finances from your personal finances (and you do), you’ll need a separate bank account. There are a number of business bank accounts to choose from.
Business credit card: While your business bank account might give you a debit card for accessing the money in your account, it isn’t as useful as a business credit card. A business credit card lets you purchase the things you need now and pay it off later. It can also help you to build your business credit score.
While separating your business and personal finances is important, it works even better when paired with accounting software. Business accounting software helps you to track all of your business income and expenses. Different software has different features, so be sure to evaluate the needs of your business before making your decision.
Step 9: Consider funding options
Depending on how you plan to start your gift basket business, you might need some funding to help you along the way. There are a number of options to choose from when it comes to business loans.
These range from term loans and business lines of credit to personal loans or credit cards. As a new business, know that you likely won’t be able to qualify for more traditional funding options. However, once you have a year in business, a solid credit score, and solid revenues, you’ll have plenty of options to work with.
Step 10: Build a network
When you first are learning how to start a gift basket business, you might build your gift baskets from products that you find from stores in your area. As you increase your sales and add more items to your gift baskets, you’ll want to start building a network of suppliers. This will also help you to build unique baskets that aren’t something that customers could make themselves.
Step 11: Market your business
Lastly, it’s time to market your business. Marketing your small business is all about getting your products in front of people. The more people who see your products, the more likely you are to make sales.
There are a number of ways to market your small business, but these are a few suggestions to get started.
Build a website
Promote your business on social media
Try local marketing
Pay for online ads
Network with influencers
Create a loyalty program
The bottom line
First-time business owners often get intimidated by all the steps required when learning how to start a gift basket business, or any business for that matter. The best advice: Break it down into smaller, more manageable steps. Starting your gift basket business is within reach when you take it step by step.
This article originally appeared on JustBusiness, a subsidiary of NerdWallet.